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Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Clavicipitaceae
Genus: Neotyphodium
Glenn, C.W. Bacon & Hanlin (1996)
Type species
Neotyphodium coenophialum
(Morgan-Jones & W. Gams) Glenn, C.W. Bacon & Hanlin (1996)

Neotyphodium is a genus of endophytic fungi symbiotic with grasses. It used to contain a number of asexually reproducing species that colonize the leaves of cool-season grasses, but most of them, including the type species N. coenophialum, were merged into the genus Epichloë in 2014.[1] Two species of unclear position were excluded from this treatment:

  • Neotyphodium chilense from Chile should be treated as Acremonium chilense since the previous transfer to Neotyphodium is untested.
  • Neotyphodium starrii is closely related to N. coenophialum,[2] but the taxonomic status within Epichloë (whether it is a distinct species or not) is unclear (nomen dubium).


  1. ^ Leuchtmann, A.; Bacon, C. W.; Schardl, C. L.; White, J. F.; Tadych, M. (2014). "Nomenclatural realignment of Neotyphodium species with genus Epichloë". Mycologia. 106 (2): 202–215. doi:10.3852/13-251. ISSN 0027-5514. PMID 24459125.
  2. ^ Schardl; et al. (1991). "Molecular phylogenetic relationships of nonpathogenic grass mycosymbionts and clavicipitaceous plant pathogens". Pl. Syst. Evol. 178 (1): 27–41. doi:10.1007/BF00937980.