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Pu Songling

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Pu Songling
Born(1640-06-05)5 June 1640
Zibo, Shandong, Ming China
Died25 February 1715(1715-02-25) (aged 74)
LanguageClassical Chinese
PeriodQing dynasty
SubjectChinese literature
Notable worksStrange Tales from a Chinese Studio (Liaozhai zhiyi)
Pu Songling
Traditional Chinese蒲松齡
Simplified Chinese蒲松龄

Pu Songling (Chinese: , 5 June 1640 – 25 February 1715) was a Chinese writer during the Qing dynasty, best known as the author of Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio (Liaozhai zhiyi).[1]



Pu was born into a poor merchant family from Zichuan (淄川, in Zibo, Shandong). At the age of 18, he received the Xiucai degree in the Imperial examination. It was not until he was 71 that he was awarded the Gongsheng ("tribute student") degree for his achievement in literature rather than for passing the Imperial exam.

He spent most of his life working as a private tutor, collecting stories that were later published in Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio in 1740. Some critics attribute the Vernacular Chinese novel Xingshi Yinyuan Zhuan ("Marriage Destinies to Awaken the World") to him.

Translations of his work

  • Strange Tales from Liaozhai, 6 volumes (tr. Sidney L. Sondergard). Jain Pub Co., 2008-2014. ISBN 978-0-89581-001-4.
  • Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio (tr. John Minford). London: Penguin, 2006. 562 pages. ISBN 0-14-044740-7.
  • Strange Tales from the Liaozhai Studio (Zhang Qingnian, Zhang Ciyun and Yang Yi). Beijing: People's China Publishing, 1997. ISBN 7-80065-599-7.
  • Strange Tales from Make-do Studio (Denis C. & Victor H. Mair). Beijing: Foreign Languages Press, 1989.
  • Strange Tales of Liaozhai (Lu Yunzhong, Chen Tifang, Yang Liyi, and Yang Zhihong). Hong Kong: Commercial Press, 1982.
  • Strange Stories from the Lodge of Leisures (George Soulié). London: Constable, 1913.
  • Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio (tr. Herbert A. Giles). London: T. De La Rue, 1880.[2] ISBN 1-4212-4855-7.
  • The Emperor of China in a House of Ill Repute: Songs of the Imperial Visit to Datong (tr. Wilt L. Idema). Oxford University Press, 2023.

In The Knight of Shadows: Between Yin and Yang (2019), Jackie Chan portrays Pu Songling

Dao Lang has released an album based on his folk stories, called "There are Few Folk Songs" (山歌寥哉).[3] The tracklist includes "Luosha Haishi" (罗刹海市), a song based on The Raksha Country and the Sea Market, which is compared to "Gangnam Style" for its virality and watching records.[4][5]


Further reading



  1. ^ Judith T. Zeitlin, Historian of the strange: Pu Songling and the Chinese classical tale (Stanford University Press, 1993).
  2. ^ Bleiler, Everett (1948). The Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers. pp. 126.
  3. ^ "山歌寥哉 - Qq音乐-千万正版音乐海量无损曲库新歌热歌天天畅听的高品质音乐平台!".
  4. ^ Qian, Zilan (3 August 2023). "Behind 8 Billion Streams: Who is Dao Lang Cursing in the Chinese Hit Song 'Luocha Kingdom'?". Retrieved 9 November 2023.
  5. ^ "'Curse people without dirty words': satirical song 'targets corruption' in China". South China Morning Post. 5 August 2023. Retrieved 9 November 2023.