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Martin Kutta

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Martin Kutta
Martin Kutta (1867–1944)
Born(1867-11-03)3 November 1867
Died25 December 1944(1944-12-25) (aged 77)
Alma materUniversity of Breslau
University of Munich
Known forRunge–Kutta method
Zhukovsky–Kutta aerofoil
Kutta–Joukowski theorem
Kutta condition
Scientific career
InstitutionsUniversity of Stuttgart
RWTH Aachen
Friedrich Schiller University Jena
Doctoral advisorC. L. Ferdinand Lindemann
Gustav A. Bauer
Other academic advisorsWalther Franz Anton von Dyck

Martin Wilhelm Kutta (German: [ˈkʊta]; 3 November 1867 – 25 December 1944) was a German mathematician.

Kutta was born in Pitschen, Upper Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (today Byczyna, Poland). He attended the University of Breslau from 1885 to 1890, and continued his studies in Munich until 1894, where he became the assistant of Walther Franz Anton von Dyck. From 1898, he spent half a year at the University of Cambridge.[1] From 1899 to 1909, he worked again as an assistant of von Dyck in Munich; from 1909 to 1910, he was adjunct professor at the Friedrich Schiller University Jena. He was professor at the RWTH Aachen from 1910 to 1912. Kutta became professor at the University of Stuttgart in 1912, where he stayed until his retirement in 1935.

In 1901, he co-developed the Runge–Kutta method, used to solve ordinary differential equations numerically. He is also remembered for the Zhukovsky–Kutta aerofoil, the Kutta–Zhukovsky theorem and the Kutta condition in aerodynamics. Kutta died in Fürstenfeldbruck, Germany in 1944.


  1. ^ "Kutta, Wilhelm Martin (KT899WM)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.

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